Earthenware is a common ceramic material, which is used extensively for pottery tableware and decorative objects.
Earthenware can be as thin as bone china and also like porcelain. For practical and decorative reasons, earthenware is usually glazed to get rid of its porosity. This is also known as Tin-enameled Earthenware. It has an opaque glaze and is white, unless color is added to it. It is variously called faience, majolica, and delftware. Thus earthenware can be of various types:
- Cream ware/ Delftware - This is tin-glazed earthenware of Netherlands and England.
- Faience - This is tin-glazed earthenware of France, Germany, Spain, and Scandinavia.
- Majolica - This is tin-glazed earthenware of Italy. It was introduced into Italy from Spain from the island of Majorca, or Maiolica, from where it derived the name.
- Raku - or Raku ware, is a type of Japanese pottery that is traditionally and primarily used in the Japanese tea ceremony in Japan.
- Terra cotta- is a clay-based unglazed ceramic.
Today earthenware has taken a commercial place and every house is keen to have such articles in their daily use. Craftsperson at Bhuj in Kutch, Gujarat, design attractive bowls, clay utensils, grinding stones, kettles, cups, pots, animals and many more items. Kutch and Saurashtra in Gujarat are noted for their beautiful pottery. The pottery has a unique pale creamy color which is complimented with relief work with mirrors and motifs.
Earthenware Tableware is readily available all over the country.